In Memoriam of Python 2

By admin
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Today
DATE

, on

the Day of the Dead 2023
DATE

, we at the Internet Archive honor the death of Python

2
CARDINAL

. Having mostly emerged from

one
CARDINAL

of the greatest software upgrade

SNAFU
ORG

’s in history—the migration from Python

2
CARDINAL

to Python

3
CARDINAL

—we now shed a tear for that old version that served us so well.

When Python

3
CARDINAL

was launched in

2008
DATE

, it contained a number of significant improvements which nevertheless broke compatibility with the previous version of

Python
PRODUCT

at the syntax, string-handling, and library level. As terrible as this sounds, breaking changes are fairly normal for a major software upgrade.

Rather, the chaos that followed was rooted in the fact that unlike most software transitions of this sort, it could not be done incrementally. Instead of being offered a way to gradually upgrade, remaining compatible with both versions and spreading the incremental costs over time, developers were given a risky all-or-nothing choice. The result has been a reluctant, glacial, expensive migration that continues to plague the world.

At the Internet Archive, we did not begin our migration in earnest until

2021
DATE

, starting with

Open Library
ORG

and then

this year
DATE

focusing on

Archive.org
ORG

and its underlying services. However, we are now happy to declare migration of our core storage service,

S3
ORG

, which underlies all of the

millions
CARDINAL

of items stored in the

Archive
ORG

, complete. We are grateful for the intensive efforts over

many months
DATE

by

Chris Clauss
PERSON

,

Scott Barnes
PERSON

,

Tracey Jaquith
PERSON

, and

Sam Stoller
PERSON

, and everyone who supported them!

There are just a few more projects to go, but we are nearly there. And come our next OS upgrade, Python

2
CARDINAL

will be but the whisper of a memory, preserved in the

Archive
ORG

and honored on

a day
DATE

like

today
DATE

. Rest in peace, Python

2
CARDINAL

. And please stay dead.